Un articol potrivit pentru aceste zile, când au loc înscrierile la facultăți - despre ”boomerang kids” care, pentru că nu își găsesc un loc de muncă, se întorc să locuiască cu părinții, despre școala care îi pregătește pe tineri pentru o lume care nu mai există, despre nevoia de a redefini valorile, cunoștințele și abilitățile de bază, despre necesitatea schimbării de paradigmă de la ”job seekers” la ”job creators” și alte câteva observații valoroase de la renumitul Yong Zhao:
”Last year when my son graduated from college, I asked the question
“can you stay out of my basement?” as I believe an important outcome of
education is the ability to live out of one’s parent’s basement, that
is, the ability to be an independent and contributing member of a
The Common Core and most education reforms around the world define
the outcome of schooling as readiness for college and career readiness.
But as recent statistics suggest, college-readiness, even college-graduation-readiness, does not lead to out-basement-readiness. Over 50% of recent college graduates in the US are unemployed or underemployed. The numbers are not much better in other parts of the world.
They are the “boomerang kids,” writes a New York Times magazine article
last week. These were good students. They were ready for college. They
paid for college (many with borrowed money). They completed all college
requirements. They did not drop out. And they graduated from college.
But they are back in their parents’ basement for there is no career for
them, ready or not.
The reason is simpler than many would like to accept: education has
been preparing our students for an economy that no longer exists.
Technology and globalization have transformed our society. Machines and
off-shoring have led to the disappearance of traditional middle class
jobs—jobs our education have been making our children ready for.
The “boomerang kids” are not poorly educated, but miseducated. They
were prepared to look for jobs, but not to create jobs. They were
prepared to solve problems, but not to identify problems or ask
questions. They were prepared to follow instructions, but machines can
follow instructions more precisely and more important, with less cost.
Technological changes always disrupt the existing social and economic
order, forcing us to redefine the value of talents, knowledge, and
skills. What used to be valuable may become obsolete. What was
undervalued may become more valuable. We know that in the “second
machine age” and “flat world,” we need creative, entrepreneurial, and
globally competent workers to compete with machines and less expensive
workers who do not have access to the same resources as students in
developed countries. But policy makers and other “reformers” today
remain dedicated to instilling in our children the outdate knowledge and
skills following an outdated education paradigm. As a result, the more
successful these reform efforts become, the more “boomerang kids” we
What we need is to shift the education paradigm from preparing job
seekers to job creators, from imposing upon children what a small group
people defines as valuable knowledge and skills to supporting children
to follow their own passion, and from fixing our children “deficits”
defined by standardized testing to enhance their strengths. But the
dominant reform efforts keep fixing the obsolete paradigm instead of
inventing a new one. Worse yet, they discourage and penalize attempts to
create a new paradigm.
The Common Core wants your kids to develop career readiness, but ask
the question: who is equipped to create the careers they will become
So my 4th of July suggestion: Stop the Common Core or
ready your basement for your college graduates. By the way, I am proud
to say that my son does not live in my basement.”